Pretoria, the administrative capital of South Africa is amongst the three capital cities of the country. It is popularly known as the Jacaranda City because of several Jacaranda trees being planted along streets, gardens and parks. It is situated in the northern part of Gauteng Province as well close to Johannesburg.
The city was originally known as Pretoria Philadelphia ("Pretoria of brotherly love"). To represent the country's relative stability, the city was also called as Pax Praetoriana. At present, many corporate offices, small businesses, shops and government departments are positioned in the heart of the city rather than the CBD (Central Business District) of Pretoria.
The city is located (50km approx.) north of Johannesburg in the north-east region of South Africa. It has an area of about 1,644 sq.km. and is located at a height of 1,350m above sea level. The city is surrounded by the hills of the Magaliesberg range along with a warm, protected and fertile valley.
In the entire African continent, Pretoria is densely populated by the largest white ethnic group known as the Afrikaners. The city is also known for its apartheid days. At present, the city comprises different races and communities. It has diverse cultural influences that are reflected in its architecture. Its culture varies from British Colonial Architecture to Art Deco.
The Pretoria National Botanical Garden is one of the most famous National Botanical Gardens in South Africa. The city has large green suburbs and lush surroundings. A number of smaller parks and gardens offer an enchanting atmosphere to the city. It is home to the Austin Roberts Bird Sanctuary as well the National Zoological Gardens of South Africa.
|Metropolitan Municipality||City of Tshwane|
|Total Area||1,644 km2 (634.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,271 m (4,170 ft)|
|Total Population||2,345,908 (2007)|
|Density of Population||856/km2 (2,217/sq mi)|
|Time Zone||SAST (UTC+2)|